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Everything there is to know about .fr

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Since 1986, .fr has been France’s national TLD, and much more. .fr embodies a certain idea, a specifically French one, of online presence.

A presence that radiates throughout the world, for an internet that reflects security, simplicity, accessibility and solidarity, in which each party remains in control of his or her digital space and personal data.

At Afnic, we believe that digital technology is an opportunity for all, and that it is important to know how it is used in order to master it and make it the tool for an untrammelled, carefree and responsible presence in the world – without ever losing sight of the impact of the web on society or the environment.
.fr is our common good. Deploying, protecting and sharing it is our everyday mission.

Why opt for .fr?

.fr is French people’s favorite TLD… and we’re doing our best to make sure it remains so! 

Key figure


.fr is the first choice for French VSEs/SMEs when creating their website and is perceived by VSEs and young people as the TLD most suited to French businesses.

source: Réussir avec le web study, September 2018 – August 2019; MV2 Group study – November 2019

Registering a .fr domain name is simple and quick. A few clicks with a Registrar or reseller is all it takes to build a complete digital space (website, personalised email address, redirects) that you control from A to Z. .fr is accessible to all: a .fr name costs €12 per year on average (depending on the services you choose), which is 20% to 30% cheaper than a .com domain name.

.fr is a trusted TLD, with non-discriminatory and transparent rules and a clear naming charter that guarantees respect for intellectual property rights. It is backed by a dispute resolution service to assist domain name holders and rights holders. 

.fr also represents a commitment to the protection of personal data. Information on natural persons provided upon registration of a .fr domain name is anonymised by default in the Whois database and hosted in France.

The .fr more than just a TLD

The .fr more than just a TLD

.fr truly is the internet made in France!

Discover the other advantages of .fr

How do I register a .fr name?

It’s simple! 

  1. Choose your name
    Be sure to choose a name that sets you apart – respecting the rules of the Naming Charter.
  2. Check its availability
  3. Choose your Registrar depending on your criteria (geographic location, services offered, etc.). Registrars are accredited by Afnic to market .fr domain names. There are several hundred of them, spread across France and abroad. 

Just a few clicks, and it’s registered!

Search for a domain name

You want to create your internet address, buy a domain name, check its availability or find information on an already registered domain name, use our Whois tool:


En sa qualité d’office d’enregistrement et conformément aux dispositions du Code des postes et des communications électroniques, l’Afnic a pour mission de collecter auprès des bureaux d’enregistrement les données nécessaires à l’identification des personnes physiques ou morales titulaires de noms de domaine et de constituer une base de données à partir de ces données (« base whois »)
La base whois est protégée par les dispositions de la loi du 1er juillet 1998 portant transposition dans le Code de la propriété intellectuelle de la directive européenne du 11 mars 1996 relative à la protection juridique des bases de données.
L’Etat français est seule titulaire des droits des producteurs de bases de données au titre de l’investissement substantiel, tant quantitatif que qualitatif, engagé pour la réalisation de cette base de données. L’Afnic dispose des droits d’usage et de défense des droits sur la base whois. Toute reproduction et/ou toute exploitation de la totalité ou d’une partie substantielle de cette base de données sans l’autorisation expresse de l’Afnic est strictement interdite. L’Afnic se réserve le droit d’engager toute procédure de quelle que nature que ce soit visant à protéger la base whois d’utilisations frauduleuses.
Tout manquement à ces règles est passible de sanctions pénales au titre du délit de contrefaçon, sans préjudice d’éventuelles demandes de dommages intérêts de la part de l’Afnic. L’utilisateur de la base de données s’engage à utiliser les données qui y sont publiées conformément aux lois et règlements en vigueur. En outre, il est tenu de respecter les dispositions applicables en matière de protection des données personnelles et, en particulier le règlement (UE) 2016/679 du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 27 avril 2016 applicable à compter du 25 mai 2018 (« RGPD »), dont la violation est passible de sanctions pénales. Il doit notamment s’abstenir, s’agissant des informations personnelles auxquelles il accède, de toute collecte, de toute utilisation détournée, et d’une manière générale, de tout acte susceptible de porter atteinte à la vie privée ou à la réputation des personnes.

How does it work?

Every address ending in .fr is a ‘domain name’ – one of the basic building blocks of the internet. 

In order to communicate with each other, devices connected to the internet are identified by a unique internet address, known as an IP (Internet Protocol) address. This address takes the form of a series of numbers, for example:

The domain name is actually a translation of the IP address in a series of easier-to-remember characters, such as an own name or a brand. It is mainly used to access websites (e.g. or for email addresses (e.g.

This translation between domain name and IP address (called ‘resolution’) is carried out by the Domain Name System (DNS). Invisible to the user, it takes a fraction of a second thanks to complex technologies, with an absolute security requirement. Without the DNS, surfing the internet would be much more difficult!

Who is behind .fr?

Afnic (Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération), the French Network Information Centre, a non-profit association, is the registry for .fr.

Find out more about the association

.fr is everywhere in France. See for yourself!

.fr is not a virtual entity. It can be seen everywhere in France, through several hundred Registrars nationwide who promote and market the .fr domain. 

It is expressed through our ‘Réussir en .fr’ (‘Succeed with .fr’) programme which supports VSEs/SMEs and young people in the development of an independent and controlled online presence. This programme is deployed at two levels: 

  • the ré platform offering a self-diagnostic tool and practical worksheets, tutorials and testimonies on the problems involved with an online presence;
Dispositif d'autodiagnostic de se présence en ligne
"Réussir avec le Web" online presence self-diagnostic device on the "Réussir en .fr" stand
  • free meetings and workshops that we organise throughout France for young people and entrepreneurs. Every year, we raise awareness among more than 20,000 VSEs and 3,000 young people. 

.fr is also present at trade shows where our teams go to meet entrepreneurs, at universities where our researchers give lectures, at the seminars we organise, and at the conferences we attend… 

Conference "Réussir en .fr" at the Salon des Entrepreneurs of Paris 2019.

Finally, the achievements of .fr are reflected in the actions of the Afnic Foundation: nearly 250 digital inclusion projects throughout France and €5 million distributed to date. 

Choosing .fr means choosing solidarity!

 .fr is a common good, so it is only natural that its profits are returned to the community.

Thus, 90% of the profits generated by the management of .fr go to the Afnic Foundation for Digital Solidarity. Under the aegis of the Fondation de France, the Afnic Foundation finances more than a hundred local projects each year:

  • to reduce regional divides and promote internet access for all;
  • to foster digital inclusion and combat ‘digital illiteracy’.
Discover the website of the Afnic Foundation
Photo des lauréats 2019 de la Fondation Afnic
Photo of the 2019 award winners of the Afnic Foundation