Following on from three earlier papers entitled “Slamming”, “Domain Names and Search Engine Optimisation” and “Key Players in Internet Governance”, this new paper gives a summary of the most widespread types of attack and the main techniques used for dealing with them.
Containing graphics and diagrams, illustrated with specific examples, and including bibliographic references, the paper shows that the DNS today is an essential, strategic element in the infrastructure of the Internet. The paper:
explains how the DNS works, focusing on its structure and the software used to make it work;
details the main kinds of attacks on domain names, infrastructures or DNS servers such as cybersquatting, hijacking, poisoning, denial of service, fast flux etc.;
highlights the main security techniques that currently exist, such as use of DNSSEC or the regular updating of DNS software.
Finally, this paper shows that Internet infrastructure security today is everybody’s business, and relies on the judicious allocation of roles amongst the various players such as service operators, ISPs, registries, registrars, etc.
In order to do this, each player needs to apply the basic principles of effective security represented by the “3C”, i.e., Coordination, Communication and Cooperation.
Download the issue paper “DNS: Types of Attack and Security Techniques” (1336Ko).
(Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération )
Non-profit organization, AFNIC is in charge of the administrative and technical management of the .fr (France) and .re (Reunion Island) Internet domain names.
AFNIC brings together public and private members: representatives from the French government, Internet users and Internet Service Providers (Registrars).
Afnic is the acronym for Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération, the French Network Information Centre. The registry has been appointed by the French government to manage domain names under the .fr Top Level Domain. Afnic also manages the .re (Reunion Island), .pm (Saint-Pierre and Miquelon), .tf (French Southern and Antarctic Territories), .wf (Wallis and Futuna) and .yt (Mayotte) French Overseas TLDs.
In addition to managing French TLDs, Afnic’s role is part of a wider public interest mission, which is to contribute on a daily basis, thanks to the efforts of its teams and its members, to a secure and stable internet, open to innovation and in which the French internet community plays a leading role. As part of that mission, Afnic, a non-profit organization, donates 90% of its profits to its Foundation for Digital Solidarity. Afnic is also the back-end registry for the companies as well as local and regional authorities that have chosen to have their own TLD, such as .paris, .bzh, .alsace, .corsica, .mma, .ovh, .leclerc and .sncf.
Established in 1997 and based in Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Afnic currently has 80 employees.