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Since the acronym www (for World Wide Web) is losing its cultural connotations in French, the Office for the French language recommends the use of W3 for phonetic reasons. Some authors prefer to call it "the Web".



World Wide Web Consortium

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was created so that the Web could reach its full potential by developing common protocols that promote its development and ensure its interoperability. It is an international industrial consortium, which currently has over 500 members. The consortium is jointly run by the French National Institute for Research in Computer sciences and Automation (INRIA) in France, Keio University in Japan, and the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science (MIT LCS) in the United States. The services provided by the Consortium consist of:

— the establishment and provision of information on the World Wide Web for developers and users;

— the implementation of software to incorporate and promote standards;

— the set-up of various prototype applications designed to demonstrate the use of new technologies.



Wide Area Network

A private network of communication lines, the purpose of which is to permanently interconnect local area networks located at different or remote sites. These interconnection services are usually provided by a telecommunications operator.



Symbolises the meshed network of information servers forming a spider's web. These servers range from personal pages and blogs to database interfaces.

Synonyms: W3, WWW, World Wide Web, the web, etc.


Web server

Server connected to the Internet. It processes requests from client computers and sends them documents (mainly HTML), using the HTTP communication protocol.


Web Services

The term Web services refers to a set of protocols enabling programs of different design to communicate with each other, without requiring a direct adjustment of the program. Web services use an XML interchange format and network protocols (SOAP, XML-RPC) to automate information exchange between information systems, without any human intervention



See: Web Services



Contraction of "who is?" »

Service used to search registry databases for information on a domain name or an IP address These public reference databases publish the names of the physical contacts associated with a domain name or IP address (administrative contact, technical contact, and billing contact where applicable). This administrative "Whois" base is not absolutely necessary for the Internet to function, but is virtually available for all of the extensions. Its management method and the data formats proposed differ considerably depending on the case. It can be used to find and contact the person(s) responsible for a domain name or IP address, including for litigation purposes if necessary.

Example: Afnic Whois:



World Intellectual Property Organisation

WIPO's mission is to promote the use and protection of intellectual works that are objects of intellectual property.

Note: one of the activities of WIPO is devoted to the domain names (UDRP).



World Intellectual Property Organization


WWW or www

World Wide Web

See: Web